Learner’s Submission: Human Resource Capacity Development


“What needs to be done by top Leadership to Align Human Resource Capacity Development with the Development Vision of the Country?


  • Capacity Development refers to the process of unleashing, strengthening and maintaining capacity.
  • For any country to fast track its development there is a need to invest in its most important resource i.e. people. HRCD has become vital if governments must achieve their development objectives.
  • Off necessity are accurate HRM Strategies that seeks out individuals with the right knowledge, skills, attitudes and abilities required to drive any nation to its lofty development goals.
  • HRM Strategies must be reviewed, adjusted and sometimes completely changed to provide an efficient and effective service delivery to citizens.  This is achieved by placing the right people at the right place at the right time with the right skills.
  • The development vision of every country must also be first straightened out. This means that for any vision to succeed it cannot be developed by government alone. The people for whom the vision is meant must be carried along.
  • Government only lays the vision-template which points the direction of development but the final vision-document, must be generated through the involvement and participation of all sectors of the state i.e. citizens, private sector and civil society.
  • This format ensures that the missions of the State will be understood and agreed by all actors. This creates an open society where each governance actor knows what others are doing and encourages collaboration and networking among them.
  • The end product of this collective effort provides a document of reference for which government focuses on what it can and must do to move in the direction of its development vision.
  • The next step will be to restructure the country’s public service. Public service is the human resource capital that is structured to provide public services according to people’s expectations, based on daily needs, challenges and peculiarities.
  • The public service must be reoriented towards the community. It must become responsive to citizens.
  • To achieve an efficient and effective public service institution, the government must develop a clear policy framework that will guide this drive.
  • Policy refers to priorities, guidelines, and orientations deemed necessary to achieve common agreed objectives. It is developed and adopted to address major problems and vested interests of people including stakeholders who live or work in the same area, field, community, development sector, environment or country. Policy is governing actions to be undertaken in its sphere of influence.
  • The sphere of influence here is the civil service, which is a key tool by which government can achieve its objectives.
  • The policy must identify and develop the required human resources in the public sector for addressing the current and future challenges posed by the imperatives of development.
  • These policy guidelines must be coherent and comprehensive and aimed at providing effective and efficient public service delivery. It must state the commitment of government playing the central role in ensuring the transformation and development of the country.” – Vincent Hope – Wudil, Nigeria

Learner’s Submission: Human Resources Development in India


“Development of each nation depends on various parameters; those are different from nation to nation, time to time.  India has much catching up to do, the Human Development Report 2013 released by the UNDP, ranked the country at a low 136 among 186 countries on its human development index. May thing is needed to be done in order to enhance development.

Appropriate Policy, Stable Legal frameworks, Institutional development, Community participation, human resources development and strong managerial systems are the key factors of Capacity Building. Leaderships of the nation have to work in strengthening those key factors.

In context to India, policy framing is formulated by the Planning Commission. The economy of India is based in part on planning through its five-year plans, which are developed, executed and monitored by the Planning Commission of India. The eleventh plan completed its term in March 2012 and the twelfth plan is currently underway. India has some difficulties in achieving those target plans. Those difficulties are to be reduced by modifying its implementation mechanism.

India has relatively stable Legal frameworks. The distribution of power between Judiciary, Administrative and Legislative well defined. Level of conflict in between them is low. It is good parameter for development of India. There are various levels of judiciary in India. They form a strict hierarchy of importance, Supreme Court of India at the top, followed by High Courts of respective states with district judges sitting in District Courts and Magistrates of Second Class and Civil Judge (Junior Division) at the bottom. Administrative power is distributed between central and state. However Judiciary is overburdened, it is to be solved.

Institutional development is important in promoting development. India has strong and powerful bureaucratic public administration system. Despite of all advantages it is suffering several problems like redtapism, empire building, and goal displacement. The system has to be modified so that it can deliver results according to the legislative intent and it can become Participatory, Democratic and Consensus Oriented, Accountable, Transparent and Responsive in true sense.

Community participation is essential for enhancement of development. There are several indicatives have been taken in order to enhance people’s participation. The most important step is panchayti raj (Local Government at village level). Article 40 of the constitution directs the government to establish panchayats to serve as institutions of local self-government. Most states began implementing this Directive Principle along the lines of the recommendations of the government’s Balwantrai Mehta Commission report. In some states there are reservations for women and minorities. However India got independence with feudal system. There are several remnants of feudalism like cast system, untouchablity are existing in several areas. The higher cast suppresses lower cast people very strongly in several places. Indian constitution doesn’t allow it. However Indian system sometime failed to prevent such thing in practical field. Such failure is fueling ultra-left outfits especially in central India. Governments have to show zero tolerance to violation of people’s rights and have to enhance people’s participation. Tainting and education of people’s representatives is also required in this aspect.

Proper initiatives will enhance the development of India.” – Rupak Ghosh – West Bengal, India

Learner’s Submission: What Needs to be Done by Top Leadership to Align Human Resource Capacity Development(HRCD) with the Development Vision of India?


Development is unique to each nation and is approached by organizing resources around its strength. How  our top leadership manage and align our human resources capacity development with the development vision of India will define our future. It is in this context that knowledge based economy assumes significance. HRCD should tap into the innovative pulse of the nation and build networks and communication to ensure competence.

India , a developing nation still hovers around the factory driven stage of development .But India’s inefficient port and road infrastructure will not be able to handle the high volume rigours of such dramatic progress. Therefore the right approach would be to push for innovation driven growth as India shows vibrancy in the knowledge sector. We should exploit the large pool of skilled workforce by investing in Human capital and focus on innovation driven economy with knowledge based industries.

The National Knowledge Commission,2005 explains the different components of a knowledge system. An important ingredient that in component that integrates all the unconnected component is human resources.

(a)    Access to Knowledge- This can be facilitated through open access literature ,open software and by strengthening libraries and information software.

(b)   Knowledge concepts- This includes professional skills and independent capabilities.

(c)    Knowledge creation- This encompasses independent research capabilities and self sufficiency in knowledge.

(d)   Knowledge application- This involves maximum benefits from intellectual assets to enhance productivity.

(e)   Knowledge services- This involves coherent knowledge dissemination that makes government functioning more accountable.

Human Resource Capacity Development is required to create organizational capabilities in a knowledge economy. The combination of competencies required is called organizational capabilities. In this new environment , a human resource capacity development  has to step out of the traditional mantle and assume new and dynamic role of managing capabilities that people create and relationships that people must develop. More flexibility is required to facilitate adaptations and adjustments.

Knowledge Economy has spawned a global knowledge based organizational transforming the world into a single homogenous market. HRCD is the epicenter of such profound transformation. As it is drawn into greater prominence, it can create greater impact.

Information and Communication Technology can be important tool for empowerment. It can be used for the successful implementation of social welfare programmes, ensure better governance,eradicate poverty and illiteracy.This potential was envisaged by our former President Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam when he proposed  PURA-Providing Urban Amenities in Rural Areas. – Vivek Kumar Singh – Bihar, India

Learner’s Submission: Human Resources Capacity Development


“Human Resources Capacity Development is a framework for the management and expansion of human capital within an agency or organization through the development of both the organization and the individual to achieve the goal and performance improvement. Human Resource Development is the combination of training, workshop, group work, organization, and career development efforts to improve individual, group and organizational work and performance effectiveness. Human Resource Development develops the key competencies that enable individuals in organizations to perform current and future jobs performance through a proper plan learning activities. Groups within organizations use Human Resource Development to initiate and manage for enhanced change.

Human resource capacity is about ensuring that an organization has enough people with the necessary skills to achieve its objectives. The Government developed programs and services to meet its objectives, and they are delivered through its public service.

Each department is responsible for determining the people it needs to carry out its responsibilities. The Department of Human Resources is responsible for staffing positions in all departments. Human Resources provide general training for the public service; each department is responsible for providing any position-specific training needed by its employees.

It’s human nature to want to plan the future because a plan provides a feeling of security, and most importantly, gives direction and focus to decisions and specific steps to take. So every country should have a proper development plan and a development vision to develop the country in a certain state.

In the course of rapid socio economic globalization and a vigorous changing world, Human Resource Capacity Development has become an essential need for the Governments performance and country developments. It is obvious that a well developed and motivated human resource is a fundamental factor for a country sustainable development. Human resource is the key resources that change other resources as well. Therefore it is untold important to give high consideration for this resource is unquestionable. However, it is important to developing and equipping these resources and allocating them for the right place and for the right purpose. To do so, establishing accurate and feasible National Human Resource Capacity Development the role of top leadership is very vital. Therefore, this paper is intended to describe what things to be done by top leadership to align Human Resource Capacity Development with the development vision of the country.

To develop the requisite human resources, top leaders must be clear on what human resources they need in terms of knowledge, skills, training, workshops, attitudes, networks and technological and so on. In other words, human resource development policies and strategies must be designed and approved under the clear supervision and consideration of top leaders of the country. Top leaders should have mutual understanding and good communication in between them. They should built rapport and trust for the human resource capacity Development with the development vision of the country. Top leaders must set out the clear mission and vision of the development goal of the country. So top leaders should be well concerned and connected regarding the development vision of the country. In the same time top leaders should be maintaining and taking necessary steps for the progresses of the development vision of the country by aligning the well maintain human resource capacity development strategy. Top leaders should be monitor and take necessary changes for the human resource capacity development.

Top leaders should sit together and may take brain storming activities to figure out the way to achieve the development vision of the country after a certain period of time each year. They need to bring changes and improvements in the human resource development strategy according to the achievement of the vision. Top leaders should have proper knowledge and understandable behavior and manners for the human resource capacity development as well.” – S.M.Muklesur Rahman – Dhaka, Bangladesh

Learner’s Submission: Human Resource Capacity Development in India


What needs to be done by top leadership to align Human Resource Capacity Development with the development vision of the country?

“If you want 10 days of happiness, grow grain. If you want 10 years of happiness, grow a tree. If you want 100 years of happiness, grow people.” – Harvey Mackay – Author, motivator and CEO, Mackay Envelope Company.

“From the above quote it is clear that it’s the people who are most valuable and can bring a positive change in the society. Their development and the nation’s development should compliment/align each other. It’s essential to go an extra mile to make a smile. And I’m sure the journey will be exciting…

In order to align Human Resource Capacity Development with the development vision of the country, it is important to develop an effective action plan which is well-structured and coordinated for the entire country at different levels and get the top leadership committed to achieve the end results. In the process of framing a state plan, it’s essential to communicate clearly the mission statement of alignment to the people involved in bringing the change. Once this is done, analyzing the present environment and the country’s capability or self-assessment need to be performed. Through this, establishing goals and formulating strategy to align the development with vision becomes meaningful.

Seeking expert advice from the member states and operating through best practices with the help of international and regional organizations will go a long way in achieving the alignment which will lead to human harmony and well-being.

Policy interventions are required to some extent in the changing scenario amidst globalization and information technology revolution. Understanding the challenges posed by training and capacity building processes at a nationwide makes it essential to make the alignment agenda part of public services commission.

Establishment of regulating authority to monitor the training and ensure standards is maintained.

Mobilization of resources to assist country’s capacity development efforts.

Effective communication, listening to problems and ideas coupled with motivating people involved at all levels of implementation should be practiced.

Continuous feedback/evaluation system must be in place to monitor the progress.

Cross-utilization and cross-training can also be practiced in bridging the existing gap in development.

Effective use of sophisticated technologies and smarter policies with innovation filled system powered by strategic leadership will play a vital role in the alignment or bridging the gap. This will also help in the smooth functioning of the plan, interconnecting with stakeholders in real time to boost the alignment resulting in growth, innovation and progress. Effective collaboration among numerous sectors and communities to execute transparency, accountability, managing resources more effectively help in promoting economic growth. This fosters a better alignment.

Empowering leadership at all levels can truly transform the nation. Strengthening and developing the capacities of human Resources across sectors through effective, comprehensive, systematic and continuous trainings – will help in the implementation of proper alignment.

To conclude in a nutshell, the alignment of Human Resource Capacity Development with the development vision of the country should try to bring a sustainable, developmental and responsive change. These measures will assist in making the nation well-equipped to cope with the challenges in the cut-throat competitive era.” – Machane Daniel Isaac – Mysore, India.

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