Learner’s Submission: Human Resources Development in India


“Development of each nation depends on various parameters; those are different from nation to nation, time to time.  India has much catching up to do, the Human Development Report 2013 released by the UNDP, ranked the country at a low 136 among 186 countries on its human development index. May thing is needed to be done in order to enhance development.

Appropriate Policy, Stable Legal frameworks, Institutional development, Community participation, human resources development and strong managerial systems are the key factors of Capacity Building. Leaderships of the nation have to work in strengthening those key factors.

In context to India, policy framing is formulated by the Planning Commission. The economy of India is based in part on planning through its five-year plans, which are developed, executed and monitored by the Planning Commission of India. The eleventh plan completed its term in March 2012 and the twelfth plan is currently underway. India has some difficulties in achieving those target plans. Those difficulties are to be reduced by modifying its implementation mechanism.

India has relatively stable Legal frameworks. The distribution of power between Judiciary, Administrative and Legislative well defined. Level of conflict in between them is low. It is good parameter for development of India. There are various levels of judiciary in India. They form a strict hierarchy of importance, Supreme Court of India at the top, followed by High Courts of respective states with district judges sitting in District Courts and Magistrates of Second Class and Civil Judge (Junior Division) at the bottom. Administrative power is distributed between central and state. However Judiciary is overburdened, it is to be solved.

Institutional development is important in promoting development. India has strong and powerful bureaucratic public administration system. Despite of all advantages it is suffering several problems like redtapism, empire building, and goal displacement. The system has to be modified so that it can deliver results according to the legislative intent and it can become Participatory, Democratic and Consensus Oriented, Accountable, Transparent and Responsive in true sense.

Community participation is essential for enhancement of development. There are several indicatives have been taken in order to enhance people’s participation. The most important step is panchayti raj (Local Government at village level). Article 40 of the constitution directs the government to establish panchayats to serve as institutions of local self-government. Most states began implementing this Directive Principle along the lines of the recommendations of the government’s Balwantrai Mehta Commission report. In some states there are reservations for women and minorities. However India got independence with feudal system. There are several remnants of feudalism like cast system, untouchablity are existing in several areas. The higher cast suppresses lower cast people very strongly in several places. Indian constitution doesn’t allow it. However Indian system sometime failed to prevent such thing in practical field. Such failure is fueling ultra-left outfits especially in central India. Governments have to show zero tolerance to violation of people’s rights and have to enhance people’s participation. Tainting and education of people’s representatives is also required in this aspect.

Proper initiatives will enhance the development of India.” – Rupak Ghosh – West Bengal, India


Learner’s Submission: How Can Citizens Contribute to the Achievement of the “Millennium Development Goals” (MDGs) in India


“Citizen participation in nation-building process can be traced as far back as Plato’s Republic. It’s nothing new to Indian society also. History tells us how the citizen participation has brought freedom to India under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi. The tradition continues and people of India still participating for the betterment of the nation. Below I’ve list some of my ideas how the Indian citizens can contribute to the achievement of the goals of the MDGs:

Right to Information Act,2005

I’ll say, RTI is the best gift to the people of India in the 21st century. Using this powerful tool every citizen can access the public information (except some which may be threat to our national security). Thus people can get information, analyse them, what’re the lacunas in the policy and act accordingly. Whistle-blowers also use this tool to expose the corruption!!!

Representative Democracy

India is the largest democracy in the world. In a democratic country, people hold the authority via their representative who is elected through universal adult franchise. Thus citizens can write to their representatives about the social problems.

Right to Public Service

Though this act is not implemented in every state in India, but some states enjoy the benefits. It provides time-bound delivery of services (public services) to the people. If anyone is deprived of this, she/he must approach the appellate authority. This enables the people preserve their basic rights.

Non-Governmental Organisations

Several NGOs are working towards poverty alleviation, better health care, education, women empowerment. Some of the NGOs working in India for this purpose are Sammaan Foundation, Akshaya Trust, Pratham, Deepalaya etc.

Public Awareness Events

Awareness is the enemy of sanity, for once you hear the screaming, and it never stops. Various awareness programs should be organised especially in rural areas about HIV/AIDS, women empowerment, social inequality etc. so that the educationally backward people will have some knowledge of the MDG.


The purpose is same, but the domain is large. It exceeds to the urban area also. One of the most famous campaigns now-a-days in India is the “I Lead India” organised by the Times of India group. It also helps in achieving the goals by some ways.” – Ansuman Mansingh – Odisha, India

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