Learner’s Submission: HR Capacity Development in Zimbabwe


“What needs to be done by top leadership to align Human Resource Capacity Development with the development vision of the country?

In any country, the leaders need to do a needs assessment and a skills audit of its strategic departments or ministries. The needs assessment is a systematic process for determining what is required by an organization or country in terms of skill and the current skills. The difference is known as the skills gap. This discrepancy between the current condition and wanted condition must be measured to appropriately identify the training and development needs. In other words, the needs assessment will help in the setting of what needs to be achieved or in setting country vision. Having set the country vision, leaders will need to do a skills audits, a skills audit is a review of existing skills against the skills needed both now and in the future so as to achieve country goals. Any leader firstly need to be aware of the skills required to meet the requirements of its government departments or the government and the country as a whole. Once realized that the current skill does not meet the current requirement and that staff is not performing to the expected standards, what is known as performance gaps hence, the need for capacity development through training and development.

Training and development is a combination of in-house or on the job training and other forms of training and development techniques that are used to develop human capital so that they remain competitive and meet expected performance standard on their current jobs as well as preparing them for future roles and responsibilities. However, in training and development, leaders need to seriously understand the strategic role of training in terms of how will the training help the individual, the community, the government as well as the country as a whole.

As a nation, leader need to be very aware that in capacity development, they must also develop team building, national goals can not be achieved by one person or a few individuals, it takes a lot of energy and requires high levels of commitment in achieving national goals and a pool of human capital working together as a team can achieve set objectives . With this in mind, leaders must take note that capacity development must not be limited to government official and workers only; it must stretch as far as developing the community. The community must be equipped with skills that enhance the development of the community. Government officials, workers and the community must have one understanding of what needs to be achieved, they need to be developed in terms of skills so that they can achieve national goals.

In conclusion, the quality of employees and their development through training and development are major factors in determining long-term strategic objectives of the country. If you hire and keep good employees, it is good policy to invest in the development of their skills, so they can increase their productivity. Training often is considered for new employees only. This is a mistake because ongoing training for current employees helps them adjust to rapidly changing job requirements the community needs to be trained as well.” – Soul Nyangoni – Harare, Zimbabwe

Learner’s Submission: Human Resource Capacity Development in Pakistan


Role of Top leadership in Human Resource Capacity Development (HRCD).

The role of leadership of any country in its development is very important. In the perspective of HRCD the role of leadership becomes more important and critical with the development vision of the country. Therefore, in general, the top leadership of any country needs to consider following suggestions in order to align the HRCD with the development vision:

  • Realistic National HRCD Policy & Legal framework should be designed for creating harmony with the growth and transformation plan of the country.
  • Top leadership should establish a link between the political leadership system of the country and capacity development approach of the country.
  • A favorable positive and motivated environment should be created; that can encourage the human resource of the country to move in to action.
  • The top leadership should have to initiate change, show the change direction and should run the change.

The world is becoming like a global village and the government policies & institutes are becoming more precise, economic and HR Planning and HR Capacity Development is becoming more vital need for developing countries like Pakistan. It is Human resource capacity that brings pace in countries motion. All over the world, technology been regarded as the most critical resource in currently passed period, But leaders and experts have now changed the trends and are now of the opinion increasingly recognize human resource capacity development as potential the most crucial factor in the effective deployment of the country.

It is quit imperative that the political top leadership’s vision is critical and important for the HR capacity development of Pakistan. Leadership is the central point that relates the implementation of HRCD of the country with its planning of growth& development.

This Note describes the points that should be deliberately adopted by top leadership of the country in aligning HRCD with the development vision of the Pakistan.

  • National HRCD policy and strategy should be established and implemented to the divisional level.
  • There should be harmony in HRCD policy and its implication at all levels (Local, Divisional & National).
  • At the same time, all HRCD efforts should be result oriented and geared towards the National development vision.
  • National system for monitoring and evaluation of HRCD should be established.

The problem of settlement of highly qualified nationals, experts and skilled labor in other countries has affected Pakistan severely and this is an indication of losing the research and innovative capacity needed to participate in the development of the country. Pakistan at this moment in time is in dire need of massive capacity building projects and there is also in a dire need to plan again to bring back its brains (citizens). It is present in the next Five year plan (2014-19) to achieve the rapid Growth. Hopefully, there is no doubt, they could enable Pakistan to accomplish its growth and transformation goals by providing the supporting infrastructure for human resource capacity building for the country.” – Huhammad Akbar Malik – Punjab, Pakistan

Learner’s Submission: Human Resource Capacity Development


“What needs to be done by top Leadership to Align Human Resource Capacity Development with the Development Vision of the Country?


  • Capacity Development refers to the process of unleashing, strengthening and maintaining capacity.
  • For any country to fast track its development there is a need to invest in its most important resource i.e. people. HRCD has become vital if governments must achieve their development objectives.
  • Off necessity are accurate HRM Strategies that seeks out individuals with the right knowledge, skills, attitudes and abilities required to drive any nation to its lofty development goals.
  • HRM Strategies must be reviewed, adjusted and sometimes completely changed to provide an efficient and effective service delivery to citizens.  This is achieved by placing the right people at the right place at the right time with the right skills.
  • The development vision of every country must also be first straightened out. This means that for any vision to succeed it cannot be developed by government alone. The people for whom the vision is meant must be carried along.
  • Government only lays the vision-template which points the direction of development but the final vision-document, must be generated through the involvement and participation of all sectors of the state i.e. citizens, private sector and civil society.
  • This format ensures that the missions of the State will be understood and agreed by all actors. This creates an open society where each governance actor knows what others are doing and encourages collaboration and networking among them.
  • The end product of this collective effort provides a document of reference for which government focuses on what it can and must do to move in the direction of its development vision.
  • The next step will be to restructure the country’s public service. Public service is the human resource capital that is structured to provide public services according to people’s expectations, based on daily needs, challenges and peculiarities.
  • The public service must be reoriented towards the community. It must become responsive to citizens.
  • To achieve an efficient and effective public service institution, the government must develop a clear policy framework that will guide this drive.
  • Policy refers to priorities, guidelines, and orientations deemed necessary to achieve common agreed objectives. It is developed and adopted to address major problems and vested interests of people including stakeholders who live or work in the same area, field, community, development sector, environment or country. Policy is governing actions to be undertaken in its sphere of influence.
  • The sphere of influence here is the civil service, which is a key tool by which government can achieve its objectives.
  • The policy must identify and develop the required human resources in the public sector for addressing the current and future challenges posed by the imperatives of development.
  • These policy guidelines must be coherent and comprehensive and aimed at providing effective and efficient public service delivery. It must state the commitment of government playing the central role in ensuring the transformation and development of the country.” – Vincent Hope – Wudil, Nigeria

Learner’s Submission: What Needs to be Done by Top Leadership to Align Human Resource Capacity Development(HRCD) with the Development Vision of India?


Development is unique to each nation and is approached by organizing resources around its strength. How  our top leadership manage and align our human resources capacity development with the development vision of India will define our future. It is in this context that knowledge based economy assumes significance. HRCD should tap into the innovative pulse of the nation and build networks and communication to ensure competence.

India , a developing nation still hovers around the factory driven stage of development .But India’s inefficient port and road infrastructure will not be able to handle the high volume rigours of such dramatic progress. Therefore the right approach would be to push for innovation driven growth as India shows vibrancy in the knowledge sector. We should exploit the large pool of skilled workforce by investing in Human capital and focus on innovation driven economy with knowledge based industries.

The National Knowledge Commission,2005 explains the different components of a knowledge system. An important ingredient that in component that integrates all the unconnected component is human resources.

(a)    Access to Knowledge- This can be facilitated through open access literature ,open software and by strengthening libraries and information software.

(b)   Knowledge concepts- This includes professional skills and independent capabilities.

(c)    Knowledge creation- This encompasses independent research capabilities and self sufficiency in knowledge.

(d)   Knowledge application- This involves maximum benefits from intellectual assets to enhance productivity.

(e)   Knowledge services- This involves coherent knowledge dissemination that makes government functioning more accountable.

Human Resource Capacity Development is required to create organizational capabilities in a knowledge economy. The combination of competencies required is called organizational capabilities. In this new environment , a human resource capacity development  has to step out of the traditional mantle and assume new and dynamic role of managing capabilities that people create and relationships that people must develop. More flexibility is required to facilitate adaptations and adjustments.

Knowledge Economy has spawned a global knowledge based organizational transforming the world into a single homogenous market. HRCD is the epicenter of such profound transformation. As it is drawn into greater prominence, it can create greater impact.

Information and Communication Technology can be important tool for empowerment. It can be used for the successful implementation of social welfare programmes, ensure better governance,eradicate poverty and illiteracy.This potential was envisaged by our former President Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam when he proposed  PURA-Providing Urban Amenities in Rural Areas. – Vivek Kumar Singh – Bihar, India

Learner’s Submission: Human Resources Capacity Development


“Human Resources Capacity Development is a framework for the management and expansion of human capital within an agency or organization through the development of both the organization and the individual to achieve the goal and performance improvement. Human Resource Development is the combination of training, workshop, group work, organization, and career development efforts to improve individual, group and organizational work and performance effectiveness. Human Resource Development develops the key competencies that enable individuals in organizations to perform current and future jobs performance through a proper plan learning activities. Groups within organizations use Human Resource Development to initiate and manage for enhanced change.

Human resource capacity is about ensuring that an organization has enough people with the necessary skills to achieve its objectives. The Government developed programs and services to meet its objectives, and they are delivered through its public service.

Each department is responsible for determining the people it needs to carry out its responsibilities. The Department of Human Resources is responsible for staffing positions in all departments. Human Resources provide general training for the public service; each department is responsible for providing any position-specific training needed by its employees.

It’s human nature to want to plan the future because a plan provides a feeling of security, and most importantly, gives direction and focus to decisions and specific steps to take. So every country should have a proper development plan and a development vision to develop the country in a certain state.

In the course of rapid socio economic globalization and a vigorous changing world, Human Resource Capacity Development has become an essential need for the Governments performance and country developments. It is obvious that a well developed and motivated human resource is a fundamental factor for a country sustainable development. Human resource is the key resources that change other resources as well. Therefore it is untold important to give high consideration for this resource is unquestionable. However, it is important to developing and equipping these resources and allocating them for the right place and for the right purpose. To do so, establishing accurate and feasible National Human Resource Capacity Development the role of top leadership is very vital. Therefore, this paper is intended to describe what things to be done by top leadership to align Human Resource Capacity Development with the development vision of the country.

To develop the requisite human resources, top leaders must be clear on what human resources they need in terms of knowledge, skills, training, workshops, attitudes, networks and technological and so on. In other words, human resource development policies and strategies must be designed and approved under the clear supervision and consideration of top leaders of the country. Top leaders should have mutual understanding and good communication in between them. They should built rapport and trust for the human resource capacity Development with the development vision of the country. Top leaders must set out the clear mission and vision of the development goal of the country. So top leaders should be well concerned and connected regarding the development vision of the country. In the same time top leaders should be maintaining and taking necessary steps for the progresses of the development vision of the country by aligning the well maintain human resource capacity development strategy. Top leaders should be monitor and take necessary changes for the human resource capacity development.

Top leaders should sit together and may take brain storming activities to figure out the way to achieve the development vision of the country after a certain period of time each year. They need to bring changes and improvements in the human resource development strategy according to the achievement of the vision. Top leaders should have proper knowledge and understandable behavior and manners for the human resource capacity development as well.” – S.M.Muklesur Rahman – Dhaka, Bangladesh

Learner’s Submission: Aligning HR Capacity Development with the Country’s Development


“Human Resources by definition refers to people, policies and practices within the organization used to ensure effective and efficient use of the people and their knowledge, skills and attributes to ensure the achievement of the organizations/countries objectives. While Human resource capacity development; refers to the whole system of providing/or ensuring development, training, and learning within an organization [s], it must be for both, that is to say; individuals and in the context of business strategy. Human being is the first resource and always the meaningful development begins from the human being as the result of thoughts.

Development always is in the form of change and it always begins from the mind and it is called the radical change because it involves the whole entire of human being. Development is the result of planning and it must have a starting point and ending point.  In this case the social relationship or economic levels can only be reached when it is facilitated by effective leadership. Leadership, anywhere it must be an ability of a person to convert people’s intention/or desires into concrete reality, and guiding them to achieve the right purpose. Or ability to establish necessary relationship, mobilizing energies and talents of staffs and manage resource for optimal results.  Leadership helps people to use their mind to reach their right purpose, because it is the leadership which assists to draw the map where all arrive their, since no one wills what is bad. Anything which can lead people out, automatically people go into it When understand where to go, people are automatically cooperating. Leaders read the map, that is; the development vision and convey to the people.  And therefore the following needs to be done to align the human resources development with the countries development:

  1. The needs of top leadership to align human resource capacity development, with the country development strategy, this requires the countries situation analysis (SWOT Analysis) by looking at the countries strength, weaknesses and opportunities and threats, looking at what is sensitive and requires the development of the necessary skills in every area of countries development.
  2. There is also need for the country to develop Human resources capacity policies across all sectors of  development this will enhance the implementation of these/human resources capacity development.
  3. Establishment of Result based monitoring and evaluation of the human resource                                             capacity development the results of which can be used for policy development and decision making process on what is best for the country the development.
  4. Provision of adequate resources and well developed facilities and to the right place and for the right purpose will ensure establishment of an accurate human resource capacity  development practices which are geared towards achievement of the countries development goals. ” – Michael Vincent Mhagama – Tanga, Tanzania

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