“Development of each nation depends on various parameters; those are different from nation to nation, time to time. India has much catching up to do, the Human Development Report 2013 released by the UNDP, ranked the country at a low 136 among 186 countries on its human development index. May thing is needed to be done in order to enhance development.
Appropriate Policy, Stable Legal frameworks, Institutional development, Community participation, human resources development and strong managerial systems are the key factors of Capacity Building. Leaderships of the nation have to work in strengthening those key factors.
In context to India, policy framing is formulated by the Planning Commission. The economy of India is based in part on planning through its five-year plans, which are developed, executed and monitored by the Planning Commission of India. The eleventh plan completed its term in March 2012 and the twelfth plan is currently underway. India has some difficulties in achieving those target plans. Those difficulties are to be reduced by modifying its implementation mechanism.
India has relatively stable Legal frameworks. The distribution of power between Judiciary, Administrative and Legislative well defined. Level of conflict in between them is low. It is good parameter for development of India. There are various levels of judiciary in India. They form a strict hierarchy of importance, Supreme Court of India at the top, followed by High Courts of respective states with district judges sitting in District Courts and Magistrates of Second Class and Civil Judge (Junior Division) at the bottom. Administrative power is distributed between central and state. However Judiciary is overburdened, it is to be solved.
Institutional development is important in promoting development. India has strong and powerful bureaucratic public administration system. Despite of all advantages it is suffering several problems like redtapism, empire building, and goal displacement. The system has to be modified so that it can deliver results according to the legislative intent and it can become Participatory, Democratic and Consensus Oriented, Accountable, Transparent and Responsive in true sense.
Community participation is essential for enhancement of development. There are several indicatives have been taken in order to enhance people’s participation. The most important step is panchayti raj (Local Government at village level). Article 40 of the constitution directs the government to establish panchayats to serve as institutions of local self-government. Most states began implementing this Directive Principle along the lines of the recommendations of the government’s Balwantrai Mehta Commission report. In some states there are reservations for women and minorities. However India got independence with feudal system. There are several remnants of feudalism like cast system, untouchablity are existing in several areas. The higher cast suppresses lower cast people very strongly in several places. Indian constitution doesn’t allow it. However Indian system sometime failed to prevent such thing in practical field. Such failure is fueling ultra-left outfits especially in central India. Governments have to show zero tolerance to violation of people’s rights and have to enhance people’s participation. Tainting and education of people’s representatives is also required in this aspect.
Proper initiatives will enhance the development of India.” – Rupak Ghosh – West Bengal, India