Learner’s Submission: Access to Data Experience in Brazil

“The Brazilian Government has recently issued Regulation establishing the National Action Plan on Open Government, in order to promote actions and measures aimed at increasing transparency and access to public information.

It was told to be issue in order to improve the provision of public services and the strengthening of public integrity.

The claimed main objectives of the program are increased availability of information about government activities, including updated data on expenditures and performance of actions and government programs, promotion of social participation in decision-making processes.

The objectives also are encouraging the use of new technologies in the management and delivery of public services, which should stimulate or promote the development of innovation, strengthen public governance and increase transparency and social participation.

In order to increase transparency of processes and access to public information, government has also encouraging the use of technology to support those demands for information access.

Also recently published in 2011, a federal Law regulates access to data and information held by the government and sets forth the procedures to be observed by Federal, State and Municipalities, in order to ensure public access to information, as provided for in the Constitution.

Since then, the Brazilian Government has adopted policies that seek to promote dialogue between actors of the society and the government to think the best use of the data on behalf of society and has implemented tools for anyone to find and use the data and public information.

The goal has been to provide data on the health system, transportation system, public security, education indicators, government spending, electoral process, etc.

The plan foresees that in the future it will be made available access to data published by all government agencies.

Access to information was provided for in the Federal Constitution and is knew as part of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

These experiences have provided citizens a better understanding of government, closer monitoring of public services, control of public accounts and allows people to evaluate the planning and development of public policies as showed in recently public manifestations about government actions.

Nowadays you can find detailed budgetary and financial information of the federal government, information about the Federal Executive Branch, government spending, Federal resource transfers to states and municipalities, partnerships with individuals, corporations or government entities, forecast revenue, information about public workers or even about corporations who has suffered sanctions from the Public Administration.

Other actions have emerged and now many agencies are responsible for promoting public transparency, allowing access to information on expenditure, bids, procurement and other information deemed relevant and of public interest.

Those actions are certainly an important way to strengthens democracy and the next effort has to be in a way to clarify people about the use of this new level of knowledge and its power, in order to use it as a behavior-changing instrument.” -Evair Rodrigues de Souza – Brasilia, Brazil

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