Learner’s Submission: NGO’s Role in Preventing Corruption

“The main difference between the activities adopted by anti-corruption authorities and NGOs is the ease with which citizens can participate in anti-corruption campaigns and safeguards provided to the citizens. The objective of the NGOs is to reduce of overall level of corruption and increasing awareness about desirability and necessity of anti-corruption strategies.  The NGOs and Citizen groups mainly uses interventions through the press and informal channels whereas government uses administrative channels for anti-corruption measures. NGOs use surveys for garnering grassroots involvement. NGOs uses information strategy whereas methods adopted by anti-corruption authorizes is preventive and punitive. NGOs and Citizen Groups stimulate citizens for standing against corrupt practices, increase capacities of the stakeholders and facilitates them whereas anti-corruption authorities investigates the cases of corruption, provide greater transparency of public offices and easy access of public information. The scope of scope of anti-corruption authorities is narrow whereas NGOs and Citizen Groups cover is wider in scope. NGOs and Citizen Groups focus more on social mobilization. The objectives of NGOs and Citizen group is to monitor work of public and private institutions, close watch on conduct of public officials including politicians, identifying level and causes of corruption and to draw public attention to the instances of corruptions. They also scrutinize the working of anti-corruption authorities and implementation of the anti-corruption laws. Besides government the citizen groups monitors working of private institutions, financial institutions, political parties, parliament and even judiciary generally out of purview of public anti-corruption authorities. They focus on change of societal attitude towards corruption. Although as per course module, for success of anti-corruption authorities depend on the citizen’s support but from the experience of my country I can say with confidence that ACAs have failed to mobilize and encourage involving in anti-corruption movement. The complaints are required to furnish affidavits about complaints in many cases. Most of the times they do not know where to report and to whom to report. The context of corruption also differs for anti-corruption authorities and NGOs and Citizen Groups. As mentioned earlier ACA generally focus on bureaucratic and political corruption by way of investigation and prosecution, prevention and monitoring whereas Citizen Groups and NGOs focus covers other form of corruption such as judiciary, private sector and political parties also.” – Dr. Laxmi Narayan Yadav – Haryana, India

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