“Developing countries such as Ethiopia have different resources, i.e. human and capital resources, at their disposal to achieve their development endeavor. With abundance of the human resource compared to capital goods in developing countries, much effort has been directed towards utilization of such abundant resources for effective realization of development goals. Unlike capital goods which are subject to risk of depreciation over time, the human resource has some peculiar characteristics such as prospering over time due to accumulation of knowledge, skill and experience at different levels of life exposure. In due consideration of such peculiar characteristics of the human resource coupled with the shortage of capital goods, much effort has been directed towards effectively using such resource.
The presence of pitfalls in the public sector is common in Ethiopian context. Absence of belongingness and lack of motivation of the civil servant to carry of daily assignments are the major impediments for realization of the country’s development agenda. With its economy dramatically growing over the last decade by registering double digit, the public’s demand of high quality services has been high increased more than ever.
As a developing country, Ethiopia’s major resource is its human capital. Hence, spending a lot of resources to fundamentally change the public sector without undergoing dramatic change in the human resource management practice is unthinkable. Effort towards sharpening this important resource by effectively enhancing the human resource management practice appears to be the focus. In general, human resource management plays a crucial role for helping the country achieve its goal in different areas:
First, effective human resource management helps to put in place a dynamic and capable work force that serve as an input for effective service delivery
Second, placement of sound human resource management practice helps to continuously monitor performance and potential of employees which will serve as an important tool in taking timely action by the concerned body.
Thirdly, effective human resource management helps to retain highly qualified human resources of the organization so that it can contribute towards realizing the development goals of the nations.
Fourthly, placement of human resource management practice is helpful in harmonizing the relationship between the management and work force which fosters the overall realization of the goals of the government.
To benefit from the fruits of capable and dynamic human resource, the country needs to have an appropriate mechanism to identify and select the right person for the right place in the public sector. The more capable is the work force is, the better will be the capability to address the development goals. Training and development practices should be given continuously to enhance the capacity of the individuals over a period time.
Overall, the public service can be enhanced over time by giving attention to the human resource management which will have a far reaching positive impact in service delivery. Moreover, the bid to bring the country into one of the middle income earning level in the coming ten years could be facilitated by giving the proper attention to the management of its “most valuable asset”,i.e the human resource.” – Biruk Damte – Addis Ababa, Ethiopia