Learner’s Submission: Information on Data Protection

Do you think that data available in your government is safe? Do you know of any legislation in your country regarding the data protection?

Definition of data: refers to facts or information especially when examined and used to find out things or to make decisions.  There can be demographic, historical or “personal data” that is all information that could be used to identify or harm data subjects/or clients; “harm” can be done after the collection of data already done and discovering the possession of harmful objects like weapons. These data can be stored in computers, books, and others.

Davenport and Prusak articulated that data is  “simple observation of states of the world.” The data available in my country (Tanzania) is safe because it is protected and managed in an appropriately responsible manner.

Government this consists of legislators, administrators, and arbitrators in the administrative systems who control a state at a given time and the system by which they are organized.  It is the means by which state policy is enforced as well as the mechanisms for determining the policy of the state. It is the government which ensures the consolidation of the social and economic activities of the people of the country.

Data security refers to physical and technological measures that safeguard the confidentiality and integrity of personal data and prevent unauthorized modification, unlawful destruction, accidental loss, improper disclosure or undue transfer. In “physical” data can be safeguarded by person through movements, and “technological” data can be safeguarded by movements done by machines like computers and phones.

Legislation is the law which has been promulgated or enacted by a legislature or another governing body or the process of making it.  The source led law is judge made – law which is called “case law” which is the product of the cases conducted by judges in the courts. Legislation is mainly proposed by the members of the parliament.  Legislation is regarded as the main among the three main functions of government which are often distinguished under the teaching or doctrine of the separation of powers.  Up to now there is no specific law in Tanzania which protects data or database in Tanzania that is ‘my country’. The main concern here could be the right to privacy like information privacy which handles personal data, bodily privacy, privacy of communication, territorial privacy; these are under the Universal declaration article no. 5; and also data protection and danger of information misuse.

Data protection: this includes the following:

1.  Data must be obtained fairly and lawfully purpose. Such as people must not be misled when producing information needed.

2.  Must be used and be disclosed for the purpose of security.

3.  Must be adequate, relevant and not be excessive for its purpose.

4. Individuals or clients must be allowed access to data about themselves and without undue expenses and must be provided with a copy of it.

5. Must be corrected or erased to avoid distortion of information

6. Data users must take appropriate security measures to prevent unauthorized access, disclosure, alteration or distraction of personal data.

7. Data must be of privacy; that is information about client must be kept confidential from other people, yet must also be available to those people who it is about. To do and to follow all the above is to protect and maintain the whole about protecting data for the safeness of them and security of the particular country and its people at large.” – Michael Vincent Mhagama – Tanga, Tanzania

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